Anxiety is a normal healthy feeling. It is our body response to stressful situations. When we face a “dangerous" situation, our body sets an alarm. We feel anxious and are prompted to act. We protect ourselves from the danger we are facing. However, when anxiety occurs repetitively and for no valid reasons, it becomes a disorder.
Why is anxiety good for us?:
Historically, humans survived dangerous situations that caused a “fight or flight” reaction. They went hunting for food and sometimes, were attacked by large animals. Seeing a predator, the body produced a chemical in the brain called adrenaline. Adrenaline makes our hearts beet faster, our bodies sweat, and we feel anxious to do something. We decide to run away or fight the danger facing us.
Today, people are less likely to worry about large animals attacking them. They are anxious to lose their jobs, fail at school, or being rejected by their society. They feel anxious in new situations. Whether it is a new place, or a new job, people expect that someone or something may hurt them. Their anxiety rises up alerting and motivating them to be ready to respond properly to the situation. Hence, anxiety is not only normal, but is a need for us.
Anxiety becomes a disorder when the person experiences it for long times and/or for no valid reasons. People may develop different types of anxiety that interfere with their daily lives. Phobia, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder are some examples of anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders are tiring to the people suffering from them. They cause:
Increased heart rate